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Surface plasmon scattering of gold nanoparticles

Research Achievements

Surface plasmon scattering of gold nanoparticles

Plasmon coupling in ordered metal nanoparticle assemblies leads to tunable collective surface plasmon resonances that strongly depend on the interparticle distance. We studied the surface plasmon scattering of polystyrene-functionalized 40 nm gold nanoparticles self-assembled into close-packed rings. Using single particle dark-field scattering spectroscopy, we observed strong near field coupling between neighboring nanoparticles, which results in red shifted multipolar plasmon modes highly polarized along the ring circumference. Correlated optical spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy of individual rings with different diameters revealed that the plasmon coupling is independent of ring curvature and mostly insensitive to the local nanoparticle arrangement. These results suggest that a one-dimensional gold nanoparticle assembly yields long-range collective plasmonic properties similar to those of metallic nanowires.